There’s an open goose season someplace in North America each month of the yr besides July. Which means you possibly can hunt geese on and off from September to the top of the spring snow goose migration in April or Might. Canada, snow, and white-fronted goose populations stay excessive, and the great previous days of goose looking at the moment are. Right here’s all the pieces that you must learn about goose looking, together with how one can discover, decoy, and prepare dinner geese.

The Forms of Geese You Can Hunt in North America

In North America, we’ve got three most important species of geese: Canadas, snows, and white-fronted geese.

Canada geese 

Canada geese are present in all 4 main flyways. Annette Meyer from Pixabay

Canada geese (please, not “Canadian,” though it’s true that many Canada geese come from Canada) are all over the place. Adaptable birds, they’re like white-tailed deer of their capacity to stay near folks and so they inhabit golf programs, workplace and metropolis park ponds, rivers, in addition to marshes out within the countryside. Canadas are available in many alternative races, from very small duck-sized birds as much as Giants which will weigh over 12 kilos. They’re the widest-spread and most hunted goose species within the U.S. by far, and lots of states maintain early September “nuisance seasons” to cut back resident populations in addition to common seasons concentrating on each resident and migrating geese.

Snow Geese  

A snow goose landing on the water.
Snow geese get their title from their all-white head and physique. StockSnap from Pixabay

Wild residents of the arctic and sub-arctic, snows make the lengthy flight to their wintering grounds annually, with the extra quite a few lesser snow geese wintering within the rice fields of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and California, whereas the higher snows of the jap seaboard winter largely within the coastal Carolinas and Virginia. For the previous twenty-five years, a particular spring season has been in place together with the standard fall season in an effort to trim overpopulated flocks. 

Blue geese combine in with snows for the superb motive that they’re snow geese themselves, though they don’t seem to be all-white. They aren’t a separate species however quite a colour section of the lesser snow geese. The Ross’ goose is a really small white goose typically seen amongst snow goose flocks, that are additional distinguished by caruncles (warty growths) on their payments.

White-Fronted Geese  

specklebelly geese
White-fronted geese are extensively identified to be the best-eating subspecies of geese. dennisjacobsen/Adobe Inventory

Identified to hunters as specklebellies for the black barring on their white breasts and stomachs, white-fronts stay west of the Mississippi and up into prairie Canada. Like snows, they typically winter in rice fields. Usually, specks will be hunted together with snows and/or Canadas over decoys set for these species, though an growing variety of hunters goal specks, which have a status because the best-eating of all geese. White-fronts have their very personal high-pitched two- or three-note yodel and will be very difficult birds to hunt.

Goose Searching Gear

Goose looking is gear-intensive. It’s not unusual to see critical goose hunters tow trailers stuffed with decoys into the sector. However you possibly can hunt geese efficiently with out that a lot gear. I handle, regardless of having little cupboard space at dwelling for my blinds and decoys and solely a small pickup to haul them.

You have to decoys to draw geese and blinds to cover you and your pals. You’ll need calls and flags to seize the birds’ consideration,  and also you’ll want a gun that may shoot heavy a great deal of massive shot.

Goose Decoys

Goose decoys are available in a number of varieties. All of them work, and all of them can normally be mixed. One of the best decoy recommendation is to start out with a number of and add some yearly. For those who hunt with associates and everybody buys a number of decoys after they go on sale on the finish of the season, it received’t be lengthy earlier than you’ll be capable to set out an enormous unfold. Listed below are the sorts of decoys you possibly can select from.


Floaters, as their title suggests, as meant to be used on water. You’ll want so as to add weight and decoy line, after all, and you’ll in all probability err on the facet of bigger weights, say, 6 ounces or so, instead of the 3- or 4-ounce weights you typically use on duck decoys. And, if you’re utilizing your floaters in transferring water (rivers are a wonderful place for over-water goose hunts), you would possibly want 8-ounce weights.


Hardly ever seen as a result of they’re very costly and need to be babied, stuffers are precise taxidermy goose mounts. Stuffer followers consider they may idiot geese when no different kind of decoy will. Stuffer spreads are all the time small as a result of nobody can afford massive stuffer spreads, and so they work. I hunted over them precisely as soon as in Galveston Bay in an ice storm that ruined the decoys, however we had a terrific shoot on some very cautious snow geese. Stuffers work however are impractical for many hunters.

A row of goose decoys on the ground.
A row of full physique decoys ready to be put out into the unfold. Full our bodies can take up a variety of room. Matthew Each

Full Our bodies 

A full, 3-D reproduction of a goose, the complete physique is probably the most reasonable goose decoy in need of a stuffer. Most embrace bases that enable the decoy to maneuver in a breeze, making them much more lifelike in look. Some are lined with flocking so as to add a feather-like sheen and to chop glare. Most hunters choose full our bodies for his or her realism and their visibility. 

However full our bodies are costly, and so they take up a variety of area each to retailer and transport. One hack is to make use of Lesser Canada goose full our bodies. They’re smaller and simpler to handle, and whereas they don’t present up fairly in addition to big full our bodies, geese don’t acknowledge the scale distinction. I’ve shot loads of nice massive geese over small full physique decoys.


Representing the highest half of a goose (consider a ship lower off on the waterline), shells are stackable and, subsequently, simpler to retailer and transport. Shells work particularly properly on ice and in snowy fields the place they stand out and resemble geese which have flopped onto their bellies to relaxation or heat up, which geese usually do in chilly climate. Sleeper shells, that depict geese snoozing with their heads tucked below a wing, make a wonderful addition to any late-season decoy unfold. Shells additionally look nice on a river sandbars. The draw back of shells is that they’ve a low profile and don’t present up properly in tall stubble. 


Silhouettes are flat, 2D photos of geese and go out and in of recognition. They’re in now and for some good causes. They’re light-weight (new ones are product of coroplast, the identical corrugated plastic utilized in real-estate indicators), compact, and so they stand tall and present up very properly within the discipline. I can retailer ten dozen silhouettes in the identical area that I can preserve six full-size full physique geese. You may set and transport enormous decoy spreads simply should you use silos.  Learn to set them up correctly—far aside and pointing in numerous instructions—and silhouettes are very efficient.

Though there are many good silhouettes in the marketplace, it’s also possible to make your individual and save much more cash over the price of a full-body unfold. The draw back of silhouettes is that they are often exhausting to stake into frozen floor with out some form of punch, and even an electrical drill. 


Windsocks, normally a goose head and a printed Tyvek bag physique, are mild, compact, and transfer realistically within the wind. They work for all species of geese, and are particularly well-liked amongst snow goose hunters who could need to put out as many as 1500 decoys and need as a lot movement as attainable in a ramification. Hunters who pursue massive flocks of lesser Canadas within the west like socks, too. 

Learn Subsequent: The Greatest Snow Goose Decoys 

Clearly, wind socks work greatest when there’s wind, though some fashions have a backbone that helps the decoy retain its kind on calm days. Windsocks even have the benefit of appearing as blinds. You may lie down and conceal within the shadows created by windsocks on lengthy stakes on a sunny day. Some hunters consider they aren’t sufficiently lifelike to idiot cautious Canada geese, though that’s debatable.


Because the saying goes, should you’re not hiding, you’re not capturing. The identical Canada geese that permit folks stroll as much as them in a park on the town turn out to be leery on the sight of people as soon as they fly out of city to feed. Snow geese journey in enormous flocks, containing a whole bunch of pairs of cautious eyes, and are sometimes led by older birds which have seen all of it on 15 or 20 journeys up and down the flyway. White-fronted geese are thought by many to be the wildest geese of all. The underside line is that you must be well-hidden to hunt geese.

The normal method to cover from geese in an open discipline was to dig a pit blind which meant should you discovered geese, you needed to get permission to hunt the sector and dig a gap in it, which you probably did the evening earlier than. Then, whether or not you shot geese or not, you needed to fill the opening again in, otherwise you weren’t welcome to hunt there once more. Everlasting pits are nonetheless in use in locations the place there’s sufficient goose visitors to make it well worth the effort of digging and concealing a blind you possibly can hunt from all through the season. Nonetheless, if, like so many hunters, you need to be cell, you might have a number of choices, and fortuitously, none contain a lot digging.

Two goose hunters in a blind.
A goose hunter seems as much as the sky from a pit blind. Matthew Each

Format blinds

The blind that modified goose looking and freed hunters from pits is the low-profile format blind. A format holds one hunter. You lie down in it, hid by blind doorways that you could pop open as you sit as much as shoot. When a format is correctly hidden with grass or stubble woven into straps on the blind, it’s almost invisible and appears like a lump within the discipline. Set some decoys round it, and geese by no means understand it’s there. They’re extremely transportable, too, and simple to retailer as they break all the way down to be fully flat. I’ve a brief stack of layouts in my storage that take up little or no area. Top-of-the-line options of format blinds is that everybody can see the birds method, whereas in pits and another blinds you possibly can’t see till the shot is named. Additionally, you might be down out of the wind and really snug. Layouts are good for napping whilst you look forward to the birds to fly.

Some folks have a tough time capturing from their backs, and your capacity to swing in some instructions is restricted in a format. And, whilst you can see incoming birds very properly, it’s exhausting to see what’s happening behind you in a format.

Panel and A-Body Blinds

Made to cover three or 4 hunters sitting on buckets, the A-Body and panel blinds are at the moment in vogue. You may both mix them right into a fenceline or discipline edge. For those who put two or three collectively and canopy them with brush, you possibly can set them out in the midst of a discipline, and geese appear to treat them as too massive to pose a risk.  

It takes time to correctly cowl an A-frame or panel blind with grass, and also you want some grass that’s tall sufficient to supply overhead cowl or birds can look down and see you. It’s most handy to go away these grassed up, too, which makes them tougher to retailer and transport.

Backrests and Ghillie Blankets

A variation on the format blind, a backrest and a ghillie blanket make a light-weight, easy-to-pack blind, and it’ll cover a hunter very successfully. Some hunters use backrests and conceal within the shadows made by windsock decoys on lengthy stakes, too.

The draw back of a backrest is that it doesn’t present as a lot shelter from the wind and climate as a format blind does, and it’s slightly tougher to maneuver with out being seen.

Calls and Flags 

Geese are extraordinarily vocal birds within the air and on the bottom, which makes them a ton of enjoyable to hunt. Which means you possibly can hear them coming and use a name to speak with them.

Usually as not, a decoy unfold in the suitable place is all the inducement geese have to drop in. After they want further convincing, calls and flags come into play. For those who’re beginning out, be taught to make the honk or cluck of the Canada goose, the two-note yodel of the specklebelly, or the bark of the snow goose. There are extra superior calls to be taught, however a number of quiet notes will be sufficient to reassure birds on their means into the decoys. A diffusion of silent decoys will be off-putting generally. Different occasions, noise is all that you must entice passing flocks. You need to turn out to be caller, however there are occasions when a newbie caller could make a distinction, and the easiest way to be taught what works and what doesn’t is to get on the market and take a look at.


Snow and specklebelly calls are usually simple to blow. Canada goose calls differ. The old-style flute calls are nice for starting Canada hunters. The so-called quick reed Canada goose name is the most well-liked fashion now, although. Some are very simple to blow, and others will be fairly troublesome. Search for newbie’s name and get began. There are a ton of fine on-line tutorial movies that will help you be taught, and you’ll be taught from skilled callers and from listening to actual geese as properly.

Learn Subsequent: The Greatest Goose Calls


Movement attracts geese, and infrequently, they’ll see a goose flag after they’re nonetheless too distant to listen to you name. Generally referred to as T-flags for his or her form, flags appear to be a pair of unfold wings with a protracted deal with. Flapped or jigged at distant flocks, a flag will be sufficient to make geese flip and head in your unfold from a great distance away. Some hunters will rise up within the blind and even run round within the unfold with a flag when geese are means on the market, then tuck in and conceal and tone the flagging down. Though you possibly can flag geese all the best way in to the bottom, and I like making an attempt, I’ve come to assume it’s higher to set the flag down and use a name as soon as geese get inside 100 or 150 yards so that you don’t entice consideration to your blind, and that does double for hunters in A-frames and panel blinds. A flag is cheap, simple to make use of, and an necessary a part of your goose-hunting arsenal.

The Greatest Goose Searching Weapons and Shot Sizes

Geese vary in measurement from lesser Canadas no greater than a mallard as much as big Canadas over 12 kilos. Snows and specklebellies can weigh wherever from 4 to 7 kilos.  Usually, geese are massive birds, greatest hunted with massive weapons and large pellets. Select 1 or 2 shot for snows and specks, 2s, 1s, BBs, or BBBs for Canadas. After I hunt Canadas solely, I’ll shoot metal BBs. If it is perhaps a combined bag for geese and geese, I’ll shoot 2s and skip any longer photographs at honkers.

A dead canada goose next to a shotgun.
It’s worthwhile to use the suitable shot measurement to ethically take a goose. Phil Bourjaily

Whereas I don’t consider you want 3 ½-inch, 12-gauge shells for geese, many individuals do need the additional few yards of attain the massive shells present. I shoot 3-inch 12-gauge shells and may kill geese to 35-40 yards with them. Goose looking is maybe the one motive for the trendy hunter to personal a 10-gauge. The massive weapons shoot good patterns with massive shot, and their further weight (as much as 11 kilos or extra) soaks up recoil, making them surprisingly nice to shoot should you can raise them.

As for chokes, a Mild Modified or Modified works properly for all however the very longest photographs. For these lengthy pokes that you just usually see once you’re go capturing or coping with mature snow geese, you would possibly strive an Improved Modified. Full chokes and large metal shot don’t combine properly. The patterns typically aren’t good, and in excessive instances, you would possibly get a choke tube caught in your barrel after working numerous massive shot by means of it.

The place to Hunt Geese

The reason for the goose growth is easy: agricultural fields up and down the flyways set the desk for migrating geese, guaranteeing that geese are well-nourished and arrive again on their breeding grounds in good situation. Those self same fields present numerous looking alternatives. Geese are waterfowl, but they’re hunted on dry land in addition to on the water. Usually, geese will roost on massive water after which feed a couple of times a day within the morning and/or afternoon. Between meals, they may loaf on ponds, rivers, and marshes.

Profitable goose looking calls for scouting. Goose hunters name it “windshield time,” and it’s a vital element of goose looking. When you be taught the place geese roost, feed, and loaf, you possibly can put collectively a plan to hunt them.  Geese can hop from discipline to discipline, particularly when it’s heat. Usually, although, if birds feed in a discipline for 2 days, they are going to be there on the third day. They do transfer round, each because of the climate and the supply of meals. Early within the season, geese can feed on grass, however because the climate will get chilly, they may fatten on high-energy grains and turn out to be particularly susceptible to decoys and cover in a dry discipline, and they’re typically extra dependable of their actions and simpler to sample. In the event that they discover a good discipline, they may come again to it till they’ve eaten all of the accessible waste grain.

Armed with this information of the flock’s schedule, now you can hunt them one among 3 ways: you possibly can arrange on the “X” discipline, the place they’re feeding; you possibly can “run visitors” between the roost and the X discipline; or you possibly can hunt them over water on the loafing areas. Searching the roost the place the birds spend the evening is a tactic to avoid wasting for the final day of the season as a result of as quickly as you shoot the roost, you disrupt the birds and presumably push them out of the realm.

Most goose hunts happen on non-public land. Relying on the place you reside, which will imply asking permission, or it might imply leasing a discipline. It’s additionally attainable to hunt geese over water on non-public and public land alike.

In addition to discovering locations to arrange your blinds and decoys, it’s possible you’ll discover a pass-shooting alternative. The one non-gear-intensive technique of goose looking is go capturing. This can be a matter of discovering a flightline the place geese are low sufficient to shoot at and hiding in a fenceline, a treeline, or perhaps a street ditch (the place authorized) and capturing at geese flying overhead. Whereas go capturing doesn’t require gear, it does require a variety of capturing capacity in addition to the power to estimate vary and take moral, killing photographs.

Two men carry dead geese while walking on a road.
Two goose hunters haul again their birds after a profitable discipline hunt. Matthew Each

The Greatest Decoy Setups for Goose Searching 

Scouting ought to offer you a clue about how one can arrange. You need to set decoys the place the geese have been final seen feeding or, failing that, on a excessive level with good visibility. For early-season Canada hunts, preserve numbers pretty low and scatter your decoys in household teams of 5 to 7 birds. Later within the season, add numbers. You may area geese slightly nearer, however the one time you need to pack Canada decoys tight is should you’re setting shells round a gap within the ice on a late-season water hunt.  Whereas you will note enormous Canada spreads should you watch sufficient goose-hunting movies, I’m right here to inform you that if you’re the place the geese need to be and also you don’t have an enormous celebration to cover, a few dozen decoys are all you want. 

Then again, should you’re working visitors, which basically means making an attempt to peel off a number of geese from a flock headed elsewhere, you typically want a variety of decoys arrange on a excessive spot on their flight path. It takes loads of decoys, flagging, and calling to make a visitors hunt work. The benefit of working visitors as an alternative of looking an X discipline is that you could hunt it time and again, whereas should you shoot geese the place they’re feeding, they may go feed elsewhere.

Snow goose looking is a numbers recreation, with spreads numbering within the a whole bunch and extra.  Speck looking is the least decoy-intensive kind of goose looking, and you’ll typically get by with below a dozen fakes.  In all instances, keep in mind decoys carry out two features: one is to draw birds, clearly. The second is to get birds near the weapons for , clear shot. Geese received’t land on prime of different geese, so depart a number of touchdown holes in your unfold, and bear in mind that you could set decoys to dam birds from going the place you don’t need them to go.

For over-water hunts, you possibly can shoot geese over a only a few floaters set aside from a duck unfold or only a few geese. I hunt small ponds which are simply barely off the primary flightline from a preferred roost to the fields the place the birds typically feed. I’ll see tons exit early within the morning and sometimes get an opportunity at one, however after they come again from breakfast, they’re typically searching for a spot to sit down down, and that’s one of the best time to be arrange and ready.

Man showing the legs of a dead goose.
The creator exhibits off two banded geese. Phil Bourjaily

Some of the efficient decoy setups for geese over water combines discipline and water decoys on a naked level or river sandbar. The decoys on shore assist distract birds from the blinds and add drawing energy, whereas the floaters add movement within the wind or the river present. Usually, geese will land with the floaters, so that you need to set them in simple vary of the blind. By the way, an all-goose unfold works on geese, too, the place an all-duck rig received’t entice geese.

Goose looking is commonly a gaggle effort. Choose one individual to be the shot caller and wait for his or her sign to stand up and shoot. Your blind boss ought to be probably the most skilled hunter, though the place I hunt, the correct etiquette is whoever discovered the looking spot will get to name the photographs. Be secure. While you crowd a number of folks collectively in blinds, it’s crucial that everybody deal with weapons safely, and that goes double if there are retriever canine concerned which will break and be in danger from a low shot or step on a loaded gun and set it off. Watch out to shoot the lane from 10:00 to 2:00 in entrance of you, too, not simply so everybody shoots at totally different birds, however so that you don’t shoot over somebody’s head, which is impolite, harmful, and may harm their listening to. Put on earplugs simply in case. 

The way to Cook dinner a Goose

The query I get most frequently from non-goose hunters after I inform them I hunt geese is “How do you eat these issues?”  My reply is, “As typically as attainable.”  I gave up deer looking years in the past as a result of I believe geese are each bit as tasty (properly, possibly aside from venison loin) and much more enjoyable to hunt.

Goose has a status as being powerful and liver-like in taste, and it’s, should you overcook it and serve it in chunks. Goose breasts, cooked uncommon—I take advantage of a skillet, many choose a charcoal grill—and sliced skinny, style like roast beef. Severely. Many individuals pores and skin breasts. I prepare dinner them with the pores and skin on, and I like a complete roast picked Canada or speck, too, though selecting a giant Canada is an hour-long undertaking. Many hunters make jerky or sausage out of goose breasts as properly. Some folks corn them or make pastrami, too. It’s all good. 

Learn Subsequent: A Newbie’s Information to Searching the Spring Snow Goose Season

Most hunters fee specks as one of the best, though I might put a late-season, corn-fattened Canada up towards any speck. It’s simply pretty much as good and twice the scale. Snows and September Canadas aren’t fairly as tasty, however you possibly can completely make them work.

Manner too many individuals don’t preserve the legs. Whereas goose breasts need to be uncommon, goose legs are stuffed with connective tissues, and so they reply properly to sluggish cooking. Canada goose legs, particularly, are enormous and value saving. You are able to do pulled goose, goose stew, goose chili, goose ragout, and extra with the legs. It’s each bit pretty much as good because the breast meat and simply another reason to take up goose looking.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *